Cases referred to Oman’s Public Prosecution jumps 17.2% in 2023
Muscat: The Public Prosecution revealed that the total number of cases received during the year 2023 AD amounted to 37,836 cases, an increase of 17.2 percent compared to 2022.
This came in the annual conference entitled “Procedural Fairness,” which was held today and reviewed many important topics, including those related to the annual statistical indicators of the cases it dealt with during the past year, the judicial dispositions therein, the numbers of defendants, and the rulings issued.
His Excellency Nasr bin Khamis Al Sawa’i, the Public Prosecutor, confirmed that the statistics of public funds crimes and money laundering for the years 2022 and 2023 showed that the number of crimes of employees exceeding the limits of their jobs and neglecting to perform their duties, in 2022, amounted to 62 crimes, and in 2023, it rose to 105 crimes, pointing out that the Sultanate Oman is among the countries in the world with the lowest crime rate compared to countries with which it is economically, geographically and socially similar.
His Excellency pointed out that there is a joint team between the Public Prosecution and the State Financial and Administrative Control Authority that works around the clock and continuously to look into the cases received from the authorities, and they are evaluated directly in time, and that the goal of having rooms for juvenile delinquents or child victims is to take into account their circumstances. Psychological factors that may affect their answers and responses.
Dr. Ahmed bin Saeed Al-Shukaili, Assistant Public Prosecutor and official spokesman for the Public Prosecution, said that the number of cases received by the Public Prosecution during the year amounted to 37,836 cases, including 35,777 misdemeanors, 3,777 felonies, and 282 cases regarding violations, administrative complaints, and symptoms, and the completion rate in them reached 96. 9 percent, and only 3.1 percent of it remains at disposal.
He added that Muscat Governorate records the largest percentage in the number of incoming cases with 16,534 cases, followed by North Al Batinah Governorate with 5,913 cases, followed by Dhofar Governorate with 3,922 cases. When comparing the total number of cases for each governorate between the years (2022-2023), we find that the most notable The increases appeared in Al Dhahirah Governorate by 56 percent and Al Wusta Governorate by 55 percent.
He pointed out that at the circuit level, the Second Circuit in Muscat Governorate came in the highest place, as the number of cases it received last year reached 6,661 cases out of the total number of cases, followed closely by the First Circuit in Muscat Governorate with 5,332 cases, and it was reported in the month of November had the largest number of cases, with 4,526 cases, or 12 percent, followed by October with 3,694 cases.
He indicated that premeditated murder crimes decreased during the past year, reaching 7 cases, while their number in 2022 was 13 cases. As for public funds cases and money laundering cases, 219 cases were received during the past year, while their number in 2022 was 154 cases, indicating that for The funds collected for public rights during the past year amounted to 3 million, 432 thousand and 637 Omani riyals.
He pointed out that the number of felonies received by the Public Prosecution last year increased by 399 cases, an increase of 29 percent over the year 2022, as 1,777 felonies were recorded last year, while in 2022 the number of felonies received reached 1,378 felonies, as for the percentage of felonies out of the total number of cases.
The amount received last year amounted to 4.7 percent. He stated that the number of misdemeanors received by the Public Prosecution during the past year increased by 17.1 percent over the year 2022, as their number last year reached 35,777 misdemeanors, while their number in 2022 was 30,543 misdemeanors. As for the percentage of misdemeanors out of the total cases received by the prosecution During the past year, it reached 94.6 percent, which is almost equal to the percentage recorded in the year 2022.
He pointed out that the total number of cases referred to the courts during the past year amounted to 23,728 cases, representing 62.7 percent of the total cases received by the public prosecution, compared to 19,558 cases of the total cases referred to the courts during the year 2022, meaning that there was an increase in cases. There were 4,170 cases referred to the courts, a rate of 21.3 percent over the year 2022.
He indicated that the total number of cases filed in the year amounted to 12,872 cases, representing 34 percent of the total number of cases received by the Public Prosecution, while the number of cases filed in 2022 was 11,687 cases, meaning that there was an increase of 1,185 cases over the year 2022. He pointed out that the Public Prosecution remained at the end of last year 1,178 cases under investigation, or only 3.1 percent of the total number of cases received, while the number of remaining cases in 2022 was 982 cases, or 3 percent.
He reported that the number of defendants registered last year amounted to 47,667 defendants, while the number in 2022 was 40,113 defendants, an increase of 7,554 defendants, a rate of 18.8 percent over the year 2022. The number of juvenile delinquents this year constituted 747 juvenile delinquents, while their number reached 771. A juvenile delinquent in the year 2022.
He explained that the number of appeals received by the Public Prosecution Department at the Supreme Court last year decreased, reaching 812 appeals, compared to the 916 appeals received in 2022, a decrease of 11 percent, indicating that the Public Prosecution Department at the Supreme Court has ended All of these appeals are 100 percent, and the Supreme Court went along with the Public Prosecution’s opinion in them by 87 percent.
Dr. Ahmed bin Saeed Al-Shukaili, Assistant Public Prosecutor and official spokesman for the Public Prosecution, said that the total number of judgments implemented last year amounted to 15,530 criminal judgments, an increase of 11.5 percent over the year 2022, as the number of judgments implemented in 2022 reached 13 (13,923).
He added that the unexecuted judgments until the end of last year amounted to 2,300 judgments, and the percentage of executed judgments last year of the total judgments issued was 87.1 percent, leaving only 12.9 percent of the judgments pending implementation. Regarding the crimes that occurred most frequently during the past year, he pointed out that the crime of a bad check topped the list with 8,461 cases, followed by labor law crimes with 7,571 cases, then foreigners’ residency law crimes with 6,263 cases, then consumer protection law crimes with 3,000. And 340 cases, then fraud crimes with 3 thousand 202 cases.
He stressed that legal awareness is one of the most important means of preventing crime, and there is an annual plan in which a number of programs are implemented in coordination with official and private institutions. Dr. Ahmed bin Saeed Al-Shukaili, Assistant Public Prosecutor and Official Spokesman for the Public Prosecution, praised the role of the official authorities related to the work of the Public Prosecution, and their efforts and fruitful cooperation in delivering litigants to their rights and strengthening the rule of law, in order to achieve complete justice.
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