Archaeological excavations at Al-Taikhah site in Rustaq completed

Muscat: Sultan Qaboos University, represented by the Department of Archeology at the College of Arts and Social Sciences, has completed archaeological excavations for the second season 2023 at the site of Al-Tikhah in the Wilayat of Rustaq, in cooperation with a team from the Italian University of Pisa.

This season, a small temple was uncovered inside the residential area, which clearly indicates the presence of religious beliefs among the residents of the site, as it was distinguished by the presence of a number of circular stone terraces outside the building, in addition to a circular building adjacent to it from the western side of the temple.

All architectural attachments discovered inside and outside the temple indicate That the residents of the settlement practiced their religious rituals intensively and for a long period of the life of the settlement.

On the other hand, the results of the archaeological excavations confirmed that the site of Al-Taikhah in the Wilayat of Rustaq includes a large permanent settlement dating back more than 4,500 years. It is the first to be discovered and excavated in the Al Batinah South Governorate.

The settlement includes a large number of residential houses, whose areas ranged from very large to medium and small. Archaeological excavations also revealed the presence of no less than four huge towers built of stones and mud bricks.

The archaeological mission team also excavated two tombs that were found to have been vandalized at a later stage, especially in the Iron Age, nearly two thousand years after their construction, when they were reused for other purposes.

It is worth noting that the inhabitants of the site had commercial relations with civilizations outside Oman, especially the civilization of Harba, and this was evident in the amount of pottery imported from the Indus Valley, which was found in good quantity within the excavation areas of the settlement.


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