Duqm: The Port of Duqm is one of the most important development projects in the Special Economic Zone at Duqm. It is distinguished by its strategic location on the international shipping route for maritime shipping lines and connects three continents (Asia, Africa, and Europe). It also has a competitive advantage near the large emerging markets in Africa. India and the Gulf Cooperation Council countries.
The Port of Duqm is operated and managed by the Port of Duqm Company, a joint venture equally between the Asyad Group and the Antwerp Port Union Company. It serves the various economic and commercial sectors in the Sultanate of Oman and the regional and global markets. It includes 3 main berths: the commercial berth, the government berth, and the materials berth. It has an advanced infrastructure, as the total length of the breakwaters is about 8.7 kilometers, while the depth of the port basin reaches 18 meters and the entry channel reaches 19 meters, which qualifies it to receive and handle giant container ships.
The Duqm Port Company and its subsidiaries are also promoting leasable lands within the port’s industrial and logistics lands, amounting to 5,000 hectares within the Duqm Special Economic Zone, in accordance with the concession contract signed between the two parties.
The port offers many incentives to facilitate business, raise competitiveness, and make it a multi-purpose global trade gateway to reach various markets. ASYAD Duqm Terminals, which was established in partnership between ASYAD Ports and Duqm Port Company, began managing and operating the general cargo terminal, which includes three commercial berths.
To enhance the integrity of the infrastructure, new container cranes began operating during the past year after the completion of the project by the General Authority for Special Economic Zones and Free Zones, which is a qualitative step to develop the port’s capabilities and improve its efficiency. The Duqm Port Company has worked extensively with the Authority to complete the project in accordance with international specifications. In this area.
The new cranes are characterized by high, smart and fast capabilities in handling containers.
They have been equipped with fifth generation technologies in addition to a fiber optic system for data transmission to be controlled remotely by the crane operator. The cranes have been equipped with smart driving systems, a yard monitoring system and an automatic landing system. The cranes are also distinguished by The new one has the ability to handle the largest container ships in the world.
The number of new cranes is 16, including 4 cranes for transporting containers from ships to the commercial berth with a capacity of up to 65 tons, and 12 gantry cranes with rubber tires with a carrying capacity of 41 tons. The government berth at Duqm Port is the first berth to be built for government agencies in Omani ports.
The length of the berth is 980 metres, and it is located in a distinctive location between the dry dock and the liquid and bulk berth and close to the commercial berth. It is one of the most important security facilities in the Port of Duqm and provides readiness to manage logistical operations for a number of government agencies.
In 2019, the superstructure of the government pier was completed, including buildings for a number of government agencies, employee housing, and administrative offices, with workshops for maintaining boats and equipment for ships and boats, and areas for logistical services. The project work also included: extending electricity, water, communications, sanitation, and firefighting networks and the construction of 4 pumps, channels for surface water drainage, water tanks, fencing of the government sidewalk, and construction of the main gates and security gates. The length of the roads that were implemented on the government sidewalk is about 2 kilometers and 7 meters in width. It includes main roads and internal roads with road lighting, installation of traffic lights, and provision of parking lots for vehicles of various types. While the liquid and bulk materials berth at Duqm Port is one of the giant projects that will change the investment map of Duqm to become a city exporting oil derivatives and green industries, the superstructure of the berth was constructed in two stages; The first phase was completed in 2019 and the second in the second quarter of 2020.
During the first phase of the pier’s infrastructure work, 79 hectares of the area adjacent to the 4.6 km long breakwater were developed and reclaimed for the construction of the liquid and bulk materials pier. The double pier berth was also constructed with accessories and marine navigation tools, and about 26 million cubic meters of material was excavated for deepening work. The basin was extended to 18 metres, and the port’s path channel leading to the pier was deepened to 19 metres. About 5 million cubic meters of these materials were used to reclaim and backfill the site designated for the pier. A one-kilometre-long pier wall was also constructed, and buoys and navigational aid devices were installed.
The second phase included increasing pier reclamation operations to include developing 55 hectares of the area adjacent to the breakwater, which made the pier ready for new companies to operate.
During 2019, the Duqm Port Company delivered the first phase to the Duqm Refinery Company, which worked on constructing its export facilities and establishing tanks, buildings and services related to the export of petroleum derivatives resulting from the refinery.
Reggie Vermeulen, CEO of the Port of Duqm, pointed out that the port played an active role in developing the cargo base it deals with. Especially the handling of containers related to the fish sector, including frozen and dry products, indicating that the port has succeeded in increasing the handling of general containers and the amount of metal exports of various types.
He added, that the port was able to attract new investors, especially in the fields related to green hydrogen and green iron, and there are new investments in the container terminal, represented in building new warehouses and offices and providing new cranes and other supporting equipment.
The Duqm Port administration was also keen to achieve many achievements to make the port a leading maritime and logistical center in the region. Its strategic location, world-class infrastructure, and focus on sustainable development attracted large investments, and in early 2023, the port signed industrial land reservation agreements with many leading companies in the field of green iron and green hydrogen.
The Port of Duqm seeks to attract green hydrogen projects that use clean energy sources and adopt a comprehensive and proactive approach to environmental sustainability to achieve sustainable development goals, including decarbonization and commitment to zero neutrality.
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