Reconciliation and Settlement committees in Muscat Governorate handles 4115 requests in 2023

Amicable settlement and reconciliation are an effective alternative to the traditional judicial path to resolve some disputes.

Muscat Governorate supervises four reconciliation and settlement committees in Seeb, Muscat, Al-Amerat and Quriyat.

Muscat: The Reconciliation and settlement committees succeeded in reducing the burden on the judicial system. By settlement 95% of all received disputes by the committee in Muscat wilayat, 89% of the disputes received by the committee in Al-Amerat, 88% of the disputes received by the committee in Seeb, and 97% of disputes received by committees in Quriyat.

Reconciliation and Settlement Committees are an essential cornerstone for reconciliation and justice’s achievement among members of Omani society. It reflects the brotherhood’s spirit that Islam called for.

Based on Allah Almighty’s saying: “The believers are but brothers, so make settlement between your brothers. Moreover, fear Allah that you may receive mercy”. The Prophet Sunnah indicated the great reward for whoever seeks reconciliation between people and ending disputes. Prophet Muhammad “peace be upon him”, said: “Shall I not tell you something better than fasting, prayer, and charity?” They said: Yes, O Messenger of Allah. He said: reconciling disputes.

Dr. Ibrahim bin Sulaiman Al Amiri, Manager of Reconciliation and Settlement Department in Muscat, speaks in this dialogue about this committee’s specializations. Its most prominent works and role in disputes’ resolving and settling them amicably before referring them to the judiciary.

Specializations and Works:

Firstly, the Manager of the Reconciliation and Settlement Department in Muscat introduces the terms of reference of Reconciliation and Settlement Committees, given that they were established in accordance with Royal Decree No. (98/2005). It specializes in dispute’s settlement between the parties before filing a lawsuit regarding it in judgement. By way of reconciliation between its parties, whether the dispute’s topic is civil or commercial or that are concerning personal status issues. These committees are affiliated with the governorates after they were affiliated with the Ministry of Justice.

Muscat Governorate supervises four reconciliation and settlement committees. They are Reconciliation and Settlement in Committee in Seeb, and Reconciliation and Settlement Committee in Muscat. They supervise the wilayats of Muscat, Muttrah, and Bawshar. Additionally, Reconciliation and Settlement Committee in Al Amerat, and Reconciliation and Settlement Committee in Quriyat.

Easy and Fast Work Completion:

About these committees’ role in disputes’ settlement..The Manager of Muscat Reconciliation and Settlement Department explains that these committees have many advantages. For example, completing procedures’ speed because they are limited according to the law to a specific time period. Article 11 stipulates that the committee is obligated to complete settlement procedures within a maximum period of 60 days starting from the date of request ‘s submitting. It may be extended for thirty days, which means the settlement must be completed within the specified period, and thus requests don’t accumulate to the committee.

Additionally, registration doesn’t require fees’ payment, nor does it require a lawyer’s presence without restrictions by the decisions of the civil and commercial procedures law or the Legal Profession Law which offered the Committee with sufficient chance for facilitating procedures to complete the request and notify the parties and the hearings’ dates and location.The request is submitted by the concerned parties, after which a sitting date for the hearing.

The person with whom the settlement is reached shall be communicated in the manner that the Chairman of the Committee deems most appropriate for announcing the settlement with him/her. The committees guarantee confidentiality, privacy, and ease of reconciliation reports’ implementation by simplifying them with the executive form.

Disputes’ Settlement Rates in Muscat Governorate’s wilayats:

Reconciliation and Settlement Committees have seen notable success in burden reduction on the judicial system. The manager of Reconciliation and Settlement Department in Muscat clarifies many statistics issued by Reconciliation and Settlement Committees in the various wilayats of Muscat Governorate in 2023. 94.6% of total 1,294 disputes were settled by Muscat Committee, including Muscat, Muttrah and Bawshar, in Al Amerat, the settlement rate reached 89.4% of total 921 pending disputes. In Seeb, 88.1% of the 1,731 pending disputes have been settled, and in Quriyyat, 169 disputes were submitted and 97% were settled.

Reconciliation’s Cornerstones and Conditions: He adds reconciliation is only valid with three cornerstones. Firstly, satisfaction, which means parties’ satisfaction to the settlement. Secondly, the subject, what is meant is the subject of the obligation arising from the settlement report. Thirdly, reason is the direct motive for the reconciliation report. With the aim to ensure the legitimacy and legality of reconciliation, there are several conditions that must be met by reconciliation applicants. Firstly, reconciliation applicants must have a legal capacity that qualifies him to submit the request. Secondly, there must be a legitimate interest for the request. Thirdly, the applicant must have the legal capacity to submit his/her application.

Reconciliation Hearings: Reconciliation and settlement committees hold their hearings in a calm atmosphere characterized by simplicity and comfort. The manager of Reconciliation and settlement Department in Muscat indicates that each party presents its claims without complication. The committee listens to both parties with open arms, dialogues with them fairly and impartially, and offers them the reconciliation it deems appropriate..Some negotiations may take place, and it may include individual sessions devoted to persuasion, and one or both of them may give up some of their demands, out of a desire for reconciliation and to achieve an immediate interest. If two parties agree, the reconciliation shall be drawn up directly between them and signed by the parties and any of the members who attended the reconciliation hearing at the same hearing, and each of them shall receive a copy of it. Thus, the procedures are completed in one hearing, and the hearing may be postponed to another date to complete the negotiations, but all of this does not exceed a week or two, and rarely more than that.

Not Registered Requests with the committee: Despite the offered facilities by the government in the procedures of the Reconciliation and Settlement Committee, the manager of Reconciliation and Settlement Department in Muscat submits applications that aren’t considered by the Reconciliation and Settlement Committees. They include criminal requests related to breach of trust, insults, and requests related to an administrative lawsuit such as requests related to administrative disputes such as unfair transfer, dismissal and disciplinary sanctions. The fictitious request, which was apparently a dispute, but inside it was an agreement between the two parties to achieve a goal that is not within the jurisdiction of the committee. The committee also excludes malicious requests, in which an individual resorts to the committee with the aim of achieving personal interest through illegal means and thus intentionally harming the other party.

The Settlement’s Effects on Society: He concludes that Reconciliation and Settlement Committees work to promote a culture of dialogue and reconciliation between individuals without resorting to the courts. It offers a safe and neutral environment for conflicting parties to sit together and discuss solutions that meet their needs and reassure their hearts. Amicable settlement and reconciliation are an effective alternative to the traditional judicial path to resolve some disputes. These committees constitute a role model for dealing with some issues and achieving consensus and harmony among society’s members.

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